Brain Cancer

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  • Brain cancer can arise from many different types of brain cells (primary) or occur when cancer cells from other parts of the body spread (metastasize) to the brain. True brain cancers are those that arise in the brain itself.
  • Grades of cancers indicate how aggressive the cancer is.
  • Type of brain cancer indicates what kind of brain cells gave rise to the tumour.
  • The staging of this cancers indicates the extent of the spread of cancer.
  • Causes of brain cancer are difficult to prove; avoiding compounds linked to cancer production is advised.
  • Brain cancer symptoms vary but often include
    • weakness,
    • difficulty walking and/or dizziness,
    • seizures, and
    • headaches.
  • Other common symptoms are
    • nausea;
    • vomiting;
    • blurry vision;
    • a change in a person’s alertness, mental capacity, memory, speech, or personality; and
    • some patients may hallucinate.
  • Diagnostic tests for this cancer involve a history, physical exam, and usually a CT or MRI brain imaging procedure; sometimes a brain tissue biopsy is done.
  • Treatments usually are directed by a team of doctors and are designed for the individual patient; treatments may include surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy, often in combination.
  • Side effects of treatments range from mild to severe, and patients need to discuss plans with their treatment team members to clearly understand potential side effects and their prognosis (outcomes).
  • Depending on the cancer type and overall health status of the patient, frequently has only a fair to poor prognosis; children have a somewhat better prognosis.

All headaches are considered primary headaches or secondary headaches. Primary headaches are not associated with other diseases. Examples of primary headaches are migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by other diseases. The associated disease may be minor or major.


Brain Cancer


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